They need to be balanced for your sexual function and characteristics to function normally. If they are not balanced, you may notice some unusual symptoms.
Estrogen is usually called the “female” hormone. Testosterone is called the “male” hormone. This is not fully understood, as both are present in everyone’s bodies. But higher amounts of testosterone tend to be present in biologically male bodies. And higher amounts of estrogen tend to be present in female bodies. Estrogen is essential for the development of sexual functions and characteristics in women during adolescence. This includes menstruation and the reproductive cycle. It helps maintain this function throughout life. It is similar for men. But a certain form of estrogen known as estradiol is important for men. Testosterone is the most significant hormone of male sexual development and function. But estrogen must remain in balance with testosterone to help normal functioning, the ability to have an erection and sperm production.
Testosterone decreases naturally as men get older, while estrogen increases. You don’t have to worry about this unless your estrogen level is very high. This may be a factor that indicates the onset of diabetes or cancer.
What are the normal estrogen levels in men?
There are two main types of estrogen in men: estrone and estradiol. Quantities are measured in picograms per milliliter (pg / ml). The typical environments of each are:
Male prepubescent Undetectable – 16 pg / ml Undetectable – 13 pg / ml
Male pubescent Undetectable – 60 pg / ml Undetectable – 40 pg / ml
Adult male 10–60 pg / ml 10–40 pg / ml
Here are some of the main symptoms of high estrogen levels in men:
-Infertility: estrogen is one of the hormones that the body uses to produce sperm. High levels of estrogen can slow down sperm production and, more importantly, quality sperm production.
-Gynecomastia: the increase of estrogen can cause the development of the breast test much faster than normal. High levels can lead to the development of a condition called gynecomastia. This happens when the amount of adipose tissue in men’s breasts is very high.
-Erectile dysfunction: Increasing estrogen levels can affect the balance of hormones needed to have an erection and sustain it longer. This is especially true if you also have low testosterone.
-Slow growth: too much estrogen can lead to slow growth or delayed puberty in boys.
Other possible symptoms of high estrogen that may occur along with other hormonal imbalances include:
-reduced sexual desire
-reduced concentration of semen in semen
-decrease in muscle mass
-reduced growth of the penis and testicles
-loss of bone density (osteoporosis)
-sudden sensation of heat (hot flashes)
-problems with concentration
Causes of high estrogen in men
Some medications and substances that can increase your estrogen levels include:
-herbs or other natural substances, such as gingko or ginseng
-phenothiazines (a medicine used for mental health conditions)
Increased estogen is also transmitted through genes. And some health conditions can increase your estrogen levels, such as:
-weight gain or obesity
-diseases affecting the liver
-disorders that affect hormonal balance, such as hypogonadism
Symptoms of low estrogen in men
Low estrogen levels in men are not a major cause for concern. But some of the same symptoms of high estrogen can occur if you do not have enough estrogen. This is because estrogen imbalances can result from hypogonadism, a condition that leads to a lack of hormone production in the body. Hypogonadism can reduce the levels of estrogen, testosterone and other hormones, leading to many of the same symptoms of high estrogen levels. Low estrogen due to hypogonadism can have a number of possible causes, including:
-Autoimmune conditions such as Addison’s disease or hypoparathyroidism
-genetic disorders such as Turner syndrome or Klinefelter syndrome
-infections of the sexual organs, such as mumps
-diseases of the kidneys or liver
-an excess of iron in the blood (hemochromatosis)
-operation of the penis or testicles
-human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)
-diseases affecting the pituitary gland
-fast weight loss
-not having enough nutrients and basic vitamins
Diagnosis of high or low estrogen in men:
A doctor will ask you to have a laboratory blood test if you think you may have high or low estrogen levels. For this, you will go to a laboratory that collects blood samples. You should get the results fairly quickly, in a few days or a week. You will see blood estrogen levels shown in picogram measurements per milliliter (pg / ml). Once you get the results, go to the doctor to see what needs to be done depending on how the tests are. If they are normal, you don’t have to do anything. But if you have a high or low level, your doctor will recommend the following steps to help you balance your estrogen levels.
How to control estrogen levels in men
Here are some possible treatments that a doctor may recommend to help you control your estrogen levels.
Theoretically, aromatase inhibitors that prevent an enzyme known as aromatase from converting hormones called androgens into estrogens should work, but they do not have such a strong effect. Research has not shown that aromatase inhibitors are as effective as SERMS for gynecomastia, but they may have other clinical uses, such as for breast cancer or in short boys. Aromatase inhibitors are also available in natural forms, such as wild nettle root, maca and grape seed extract.
Diet, lifestyle and exercise
Changes in your diet can also help keep your estrogen low. A low-fat, high-fiber diet is usually recommended to control estrogen levels. Some foods that may be involved in this type of diet include:
-cruciferous vegetables (including broccoli and kale) contain phytochemicals that block estrogen production
-shiitake and portobello mushrooms naturally reduce aromatase
-red grapes contain natural estrogen
– Sesame seeds and flax seeds, as well as whole grains such as oats, corn and rice contain a micronutrient called polyphenol
-Green tea is another good source of polyphenols
– Pomegranates are rich in phytochemicals that block estrogen
Some meat products contain estrogen as a result of treatment with synthetic hormones and should be avoided. Other products to avoid that may increase your estrogen levels include:
-packaging or plastic containers that can be absorbed by food
-hygiene products that have parabens that contain estrogen, such as shampoos
Exercising leads to low estrogen levels:
-make a plan and start slowly
-train for about 15 to 30 minutes a day and increase your time as you feel comfortable
-do cardio in one day, the second force and so on
-Go to a gym constantly
All people born with penises have an estrogen level, but the level increases as you get older.
High estrogen levels in a person with a penis put you at increased risk of:
-male breast augmentation (gynecomastia)
-certain types of cancer
Consult a doctor as soon as possible if you notice any abnormal symptoms that could be related to high or low estrogen levels. They can perform estrogen tests and diagnose the causes. It is important to treat high estrogen and any cause. Many conditions that cause or are caused by abnormal estrogen levels can be successfully treated, and the chances of possible complications can be reduced with timely treatment.